The conservation actions form the main part of the project and their implementation is based on the directions and specifications that arise from the preparatory actions. They include the management of the wetland vegetation in specific sites which the relevant studies will determine. It also important to note that the management of the reeds was experimentally first implemented in Lesser Prespa in 1999. In 2002-2007 a management on a wider scale was applied (LIFE 02 NAT GR 8494) with a positive impact on biodiversity and human activities that are directly connected with the wetland, such as fishing and farming. After the completion of the project in 2007 the management was continued through a multi-participatory system of decision making, the Wetland Management Committee. The new LIFE project is expected to expand the reed management facing important issues that emerged over the years and demand special treatment such as the necessity in the increase of free from vegetation water surfaces and the management of the deeper areas of the lake. Also, for the first time, critical issues will be addressed like the vegetation management in selected drainage ditches (to minimize the risk of reed bed wildfires)and the restoration of two stream mouths in order to improve the access of specific fish species for their reproduction, as well as the feeding grounds of the 9 target species of the project. Also, different uses of the reed biomass will be applied according to the guidelines of the corresponding preparatory study. Finally, the cooperation with Albania and FYROM will be strengthen through the operation of a transboundary wetland management committee.
- C1. Management of wetland vegetation
- C2. Management of drainage ditches vegetation
- C3. Restoration of function of stream mouths
- C4. Biomass utilization for soil conditioning
- C5. Transboundary coordination of wetland management and monitoring efforts